A print is a work of art created
and hand printed by an artist from a metal plate, block, stone or
stencil. The plate, block, stone or stencil looks nothing like the
print, which means each print is not a copy or a reproduction, it is an
original. Each print is signed by the artist and numbered according to
the order it was printed in. An edition is a number of prints pulled
from a plate, all of which are exactly the same.
silkscreen, relief are
the most common forms of printmaking.
is one of the simplest and basic forms of printmaking. One method is to
roll ink out onto a smooth surface and wipe areas away to produce the
image. Another is to directly paint an image onto the plate. Paper is
placed on top of the plate and can be either rolled by hand or rolled
through a press to print it. Many plates can be printed on top of each
other and colours can be printed on top of each other or mixed on the
umbrella of intaglio is the largest number of techniques in printmaking.
Engraving, etching, drypoint, mezzotint and collograph all fall
into this category.
intaglio print is made by making lines or depressions on a metal plate,
which can be copper, zinc or aluminium.
This can be done by acid, by a sharp instrument or by building up
the surface of the plate. Ink
is then pushed into these marks and then wiped clean leaving the ink in
the recessed areas. The
plate is then placed on the etching press bed and damp paper is placed
on top. Both are rolled
through the press so that the paper is forced into all the lines and
recessions of the plate, to produce a richly inked impression. Colour
can be used in several different ways - by inking many colours up on one
plate, by rolling over the top to leave a layer on the un-etched areas
or by printing several plates on top of each other.
collograph with photoetching
is the method where an image is drawn on a limestone block or texture
metal plate with a greasy crayon or ink.
The image is etched onto the stone with dilute acid and gum.
A thin layer of water is sponged over the greasy image and ink is
rolled across it. Paper is
then placed on top of the stone or plate and rolled through the
stones and plates are smooth to the touch unlike the intaglio plate as
the acid is dilute.
Of all the
print forms in use today silkscreen is possibly the most widely
recognised. This type of
print is produced on a rectangular frame over which fine fabric is
stretched and stapled, called a screen.
The ink is pulled across the screen pushing it onto the surface
below by a squeegee. Areas that are to remain unprinted are blocked out
with bitumen, leaving the ink to pass through the unfilled areas. Each
colour is printed separately and this type of can be done on almost any
printmaking is usually done using wood or lino. Areas are cut away from
the blocks surface with different shaped blades or tools. When the block
is rolled up with, ink the areas that have been cut will not be inked
and remain white. The areas that are not cut away will hold the ink and
print. Paper is placed on top of the block and can be either rolled by
hand or rolled through an etching or block press to print it. Blocks can
be inked in several different colours at once. They can also be printed
in different colours on top of each other with extra areas cut away each